The use of vouchers as a form of payment at the workplace was one of the hottest themes of recent years, at the center of government reforms and the various pro-debates and against this type of remuneration. If we consider the definition of voucher as such, legally defined as ancillary work, or a working mode for temporal or occasional use, such as the hiring of extra workers for the summer period, its existence is undoubtedly functional. So what are the many controversies and it is attributed?
The many doubts regarding their use are first attributed to the increase in the number of paid workers with vouchers, which has been growing exponentially in the last: about 60-70 vouchers a year (74.2 in 2016). The doubt is that it is therefore preferable to pay an employee with a voucher rather than with the assumption, as demonstrated by the 1.76 million workers who have received vouchers in 2016, of which 51% collected them for the first time. More than half of the total (53.7%) collected less than 40 vouchers and only 10.9% received more than 200 vouchers in the year.
Many perplexities, which often share both employers and employees, also relate to work contributions. In accounts made every 10 euros, 7.50 go to the worker, as in all the regular work in fact a part is destined to contributions and insurance. But of these of these 2.50 euros, how much does it actually benefit the employee? 5% of the value of the voucher, as specified by the INPS, is the law of the Service dealer, or the INPS itself. However, the reality is different because the agreements signed with the subcontractors dealing with the sale and collection of the vouchers (poste, tobacconists, Intesa Sanpaolo and ICBPI), the institution agrees to pay the above quota to the latter.
All’Inps therefore remains 5% only for vouchers of their own issuance, those telematic, in addition to 20 cents per purchase transaction of voucher from the other parties. The consequences? No good omen for future retirement.
In fact, if the purpose of the vouchers is to recognize the remuneration of a flexible service (occasional work), it has often proven abusive use; The latter is also the result of the difficult traceability of vouchers as such and the use of them. the result? After a first phase based on administrative sanctions, the cassation declared the stop to the referendum on vouchers and procurement because the rules of the Jobs Act on vouchers and the responsibility in the contracts are no longer in the order after the intervention of the Decree Law, Law of Conversion of the Decree Law (No. 25/2017).
At first, a referendum was proposed for 28 May 2017 with the aim of redefining the rules on the Jobs Act in relation to voucher and the responsibility of procurement. The decision of the judges had arrived with the circular of the Viminale, in which the Council of Ministers approved the decree for the indication of the popular referendums relating to the “repeal of limiting provisions on joint procurement liability” and the “repeal of provisions on ancillary work (vouchers)”. The referendum consultations scheduled for Sunday, May 28, 2017, they were then cancelled following the decision of the Court of Cassation which immediately suspended the voting operations after the conversion into law, which took place in the Senate on 19 April, of the decree abolishing the rules on vouchers and contracts.
Coldiretti was shown to be opposed by the decision taken, since the repeal of the vouchers makes it lose according to the agency, excellent job opportunities to 50,000 young students, pensioners and integrated cash used in the seasonal activities in the country where, with the arrival of spring the work began.
This decision, supported by the unions and more than ever by the CGIL, leaves the country at the moment in a stalemate, in which the head of the Department for Internal and Territorial affairs of the Viminale has pledged to bring the circular to the prefects, who will have to notify mayors, municipal secretaries, electoral officers and presidents of the commissions and local electoral subcommittees. Now a new scenario is being opened in which the policy class redefines the rules for managing short work (vouchers) and the chain of responsibilities in procurement.